Cashews

Facts on Cashew Nuts

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew nut and the cashew apple. It can grow as high as 14 m (46 ft), but the dwarf cashew, growing up to 6 m (20 ft), has proved more profitable, with earlier maturity and higher yields.

The species is originally native to northeastern Brazil. Portuguese colonists in Brazil began exporting cashew nuts as early as the 1550s. Major production of cashews occurs in Vietnam, Nigeria, India, and Ivory Coast.

The cashew nut, often simply called a cashew, is widely consumed. It is eaten on its own, used in recipes, or processed into cashew cheese or cashew butter. The shell of the cashew seed yields derivatives that can be used in many applications including lubricants, waterproofing, paints, and arms production, starting in World War II. The cashew apple is a light reddish to yellow fruit, whose pulp can be processed into a sweet, astringent fruit drink or distilled into liquor.

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Cashew Grades

Cashew Kernels are graded into white / scorched wholes, splits, butts etc. Depending on the shape, size & colour of the kernel. There are various different grades of cashew kernels, but few grades are commercially available and traded. They are:

  • W – 180, is the ‘ King of Cashew ‘ – They are larger in size and very expensive.
  • W – 210, are popularly known as ‘ Jumbo ‘ nuts.
  • W – 240, it is an attractive grade which is reasonably priced.
  • W – 320, are the most popular among cashew kernels and highest in terms of availability, worldwide.
  • W – 450, are the smallest and cheapest white whole kernels and hence the favorite among low priced whole grades.

Scorched wholes are another grade of cashew kernels, which have a slight brown colour due to longer roasting. They have all the other characteristics of white kernels and have the same nutritional qualities.

Butts, splits and pieces are priced lower and are ideal for cooking, preparation of sweets and savoury snacks.

Grades Types
White Wholes(WW) WW-180, WW-210, WW-240, WW-320, WW- 450, WW- 500,
Large White Pieces(LWP), Small White Pieces(SWP),
Butts, Splits
Scorched Wholes(SW) SW, SW-180, SW-210, SW-240, SW-320, SW- 450, SW- 500,
Scorched Splits(SS), Scorched Pieces(SP),
Large Scorched Pieces(LSP), Scorched Small Pieces(SSP)

Common Packing For Container Shipment

Nuragro packs the cashew in the following options, these are now the most preferred packing by most of our buyers.

  • Two flexi packs of 25lbs each in a carton for a total of 50lbs.
  • 700-750 such cartons make a full container load.

The other mode of packing Nuragro does is Two ‘KO’ type tins of 25lbs each in a carton for a total of 50 lbs. 700 such cartons make a full container load.

For the Middle East Nuragro also packs in 10Kg tins, in which case two such tins are packed in a carton for a total of 20Kgs. 750 such cartons make a full container load. Full container load is preferred as it results in huge saving in ocean freight.

Packing In 20′ Full Load Containers
In 2 x 10 kgs vaccumised tins in cartons 700 cartons
In 2 x 25 lbs (11.34 kgs) vaccumised tins in cartons 700 cartons
In 1 x 50 lbs (22.68 kgs) vacuum flexy pouches in cartons 700 cartons
In 2 x 25 lbs (11.34 kgs) vaccum flexy pouches in cartons 700 cartons

Specification of Cashew Kernels

Cashew Kernels – White Wholes
Grades Color/ Characteristics Count/454gms Size Description Max. Moisture% Max. Broken% NLSG
NLG Max%
WW-180 White / pale ivory / light ash.
Characteristic shape
170-180 5 5 5(NLSG & SW together)
WW-210 200-210 5 5
WW-240 220-240 5 5
WW-320 300-320 5 5
WW-450 400-450 5 5
WW-500 450-500 5 5 5(SW)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

Cashew Kernels – Scorched Wholes
Grades Color/ Characteristics Count/454gms Size Description Max. Moisture% Max. Broken% NLSG
NLG Max%
SW Kernels may be scorched /
slightly darkened due to over-heating while roasting
or drying in drier/borma
N.A 5 5 7.5 (SSW)
SW-180 170-180 5 5 7.5 (NLSG & SSW together)
SW-210 220-240 5 5
SW-240 220-240 5 5
SW-320 300-320 5 5
SW-450 400-450 5 5
SW-500 450-500 5 5 7.5(SSW)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

Cashew Kernels – Desert Wholes
Grades Trade Name Color/ Characteristics Count/454gms Size Description Max. Moisture% Max. Broken% NLSG
NLG Max%
SSW Scorched Wholes Seconds Kernels may be overscorched, immature, shriveled (Pirival), speckled (Karaniram) discoloured and light blue N.A 5 5 7.5 (DW)
DW Dessert Wholes Kernels may be deep scorched, deep brown, Deep blue, speckled, discoloured and black spotted N.A 5 5

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter.

Cashew Kernels – White Pieces
Grades Trade Name Color/ Characteristics Count/454gms Size Description Max. Moisture% Max. Broken% NLSG
NLG Max%
B Butts White/pale ivory or light ash. Kernels broken cross-wise (evenly or unevenly) naturally attached N.A 5 5 5(SB)
S Splits White/pale ivory or light ash. Kernels Split naturally lengthwise N.A 5 5 <5(SS)/td>
LWP Large White Pieces White/pale ivory or light ash Kernels broken into more than two pieces and not passing through 4 mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75mm.I.S.Sieve 5 Nil 5(SW & SP together)
SWP Small White Pieces White/pale ivory or light ash Broken Kernels smaller than those described on LWP but not passing through 6 mesh 20 SWG Sieve/2.80 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 5 (BB & SSP together)
BB Baby Bits do Plemules and broken Kernels smaller than those described as SWP but not Passing through a 10 mesh 24SWG Sieve/1.70mm I..S. Sieve 5 Nil 1% (cashew powder)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shrivelled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shrivelling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

Cashew Kernels – Scorched Pieces
Grades Trade Name Color/ Characteristics Count/454gms Size Description Max. Moisture% Max. Broken% NLSG
NLG Max%
SB Scorched Butts Kernels broken crosswise (evenly or unevenly) and naturally attached. Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to over heating while roasting or drying in the drier/borma N.A 5 5 7.5(DB)
SS Scorched Splits Kernels split naturally lengthwise. Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to overheating while Roasting or drying in drier/borma N.A 5 5 7.5(DS)
SP Scorched Pieces Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to overheating while roasting or drying in drier/borma Pieces passing through a mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 7.5 (SSP & SPS together)
SSP Scorched Small Pieces Kernels may be scorched/slightly darkened due to overheating while roasting or drying in drier/borma Pieces smaller than SP but not passing through a 6mesh 20 SWG Sieve/2.80 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 5 (DSP)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mold rancidity, adhering teste and objectionable extraneous matter. Scraped and partially shriveled kernels also permitted provided such scraping/shriveling does not affect the characteristic shape of the kernel.

Cashew Kernels – Dessert Pieces
Grades Trade Name Color/ Characteristics Count/454gms Size Description Max. Moisture% Max. Broken% NLSG
NLG Max%
SPS Scorched Pieces Seconds Kernels may be over scorched immature, shriveled (Pirival) speckled(Karaniram) discolored and light blue Kernels broken into pieces but not passing through a 4 mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75 mm I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 7.5 (DP & DSP together)
DP Dessert Pieces Kernels may be deep scorched, deep Brown, blue, speckled, discoloured and black spotted Kernels broken into pieces but not passing through a 4 mesh 16 SWG sieve/4.75 mm and I.S. Sieve 5 Nil 7.5 (DSP)

Remarks: Kernels shall be completely free from infestation, insect damage, mould rancidity, adhering testa and objectionable extraneous matter.

 

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