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Black Matpe

Vigna mungo, black gram, urad bean, mungo bean or black matpe bean is a bean grown in the Indian subcontinent. At one time it was considered to belong to the same species as the mung bean. The product sold as black lentil is usually the whole urad bean, whereas the split bean (the interior being white) is called white lentil. It should not to be confused with the much smaller true black lentil (Lens culinaris).

Black gram originated in India, where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India and Pakistan. It is very widely used in the Punjabi Cuisine and is often referred to as “maa di daal” in the native language by Punjabis. The Coastal Andhra region in Andhra Pradesh is famous for black gram after paddy. The Guntur District ranks first in Andhra Pradesh for the production of black gram. Black gram has also been introduced to other tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Fiji, Mauritius, and Africa mainly by Indian immigrants.

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Health Benefits Of Black Matpe

  • Digestive Aid: Like many other types of beans, black gram is very high in fiber, which can help to remedy any gastrointestinal issues you might be suffering from. Dietary fiber is able to help bulk up the stool and stimulate peristaltic motion. This can help to reduce symptoms of constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and cramping, as well as other more serious health concerns in your gut. The fiber found in black gram can also help optimizing nutrient absorption, ensuring that you get the most out of your meals.
  • Energy Booster: The significant levels of iron found in black gram make it an ideal way to boost energy and increase vitality. Iron is a key element in the production of red blood cells, which can increase oxygenated blood flow to the organs and extremities, thereby increasing energy. Iron also prevents anemia, which is characterized by fatigue, weakness, and cognitive weakness.
  • Bone Mineral Density: There is a wide range of minerals found in black gram, including calcium, phosphorous, potassium, iron and magnesium, all of which play their part in maintaining bone mineral density. As we age, our bones begin to break down and our joints get weak, opening the door for arthritis and osteoporosis. However, maintaining a diet that is high in key minerals can help keep you strong and resilient against age-related disorders.
  • Diabetes: Fiber is a commonly recommended food for people who are struggling with diabetes, or are at high risk for developing the disorder. Fiber is very effective for regulating the uptake of nutrients in the gut, and can therefore balance the levels of insulin and glucose in the blood. By preventing those dangerous spikes and drops in blood sugar, diabetics can live a more normal life.
  • Skin Protection: Ayurvedic remedies used decoctions and pastes made of black gram for almost every skin condition you can imagine. The concentrated mineral and vitamin content made it perfect for relieving inflammation, getting rid of beauty marks, promoting rapid healing and exfoliation, and stimulating the flow of oxygenated blood to the surface of the skin. It can also help soothe the pain of sunburns, reduce the intensity of a tan, and lessen the symptoms of acne.
  • Pain and Inflammation: For pain relief and inflammation throughout the body, black gram is one of the oldest and most trusted Ayurvedic remedies. The combination of minerals and vitamins, in addition to boosting the metabolism and cutting down oxidative stress, can soothe irritated areas in the body. A decoction made with black gram, or the extract itself, can be topically applied to aching joints of painful areas for fast relief.
  • Heart Health: The combination of fiber, potassium, and magnesium found in black gram can do wonders for your heart health. The fiber is an effective way to balance cholesterol levels and prevent atherosclerosis, while the potassium can reduce tension in blood vessels and arteries, effectively lowering blood pressure. Finally, magnesium helps to stimulate circulation, along with iron, ensuring that your entire circulatory and cardiovascular systems are working together for the same goals.
  • Word of Warning: One of the common complaints about black gram is that it can significantly boost the uric acid levels in your body. For people who suffer from kidney stones, gall stones or gout, adding more uric acid to your body might only exacerbate the calcification. As always, before you add any new “health food” to your daily or weekly regimen, speak to a medical professional or a nutritionist who can tell you what’s best.

Types of Black Matpe

Fair Average Quality(FAQ) – Specification
Parameter Values/Limits
Damaged Grain Max. 4.0%
Foreign Material Max. 1%
Brown Seeds Max. 3%
Sister Seeds Max. 3%
Weevilled Seeds Max. 2%
Special Quality(SQ) – Specification
Parameter Values/Limits
Damaged Grain Max. 2.0%
Foreign Material Max. 1%
Brown Seeds Max. 2.50%
Sister Seeds Max. 6.0%
Weevilled Seeds Max. 0.5%
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